Junior

Junior College (FYJC-SYJC)

The Higher Secondary Certificate shall be awarded in four grades as shown below:

  • Grade I : (With distinction) 75% and above..

  • Grade I : 60% - Less than 75%

  • Grade II : 45 %- Less than 60%

  • Grade Pass : 35 % - Less than 45%

All marks calculated on the basis of the seven subjects offered at the examination. Provided that the First Grade (with distinction) or First or Second Grade shall not be awarded to a candidate who appears for the Examination with any exemption or exemptions earned by him / her. Provided further that, if the aggregate total marks obtained by a candidate is less than the total of marks required for obtaining the first grade by not more than 3 marks only, such a candidate shall be given the necessary grace marks, not exceeding 3, in computing his aggregate of marks for the purpose of award of first grade

English

  1. A Course book in English (Yuvabharati)
    1. For Detailed study

      1. Prose:About 80 pages of literary and non-literary (informative) texts/ passages (excluding notes, illustrations, tasks, etc.)
      2. Poetry: About 200 - 250 lines
  2. For Non- detailed Study:

    A selection of literary and non- literary texts (Longer Pieces): About 40 pages.
  3. Grammar:
    Revision of items learned up to Std X
    1. The tenses: Revision of the tenses learned upto std X. Advanced level of these items.
    2. Types of Sentences: Simple,Compound,Complex,Relative clauses
    3. Clauses: Proper usage and synthesis
    4. Verbs of perception: Uses of see,hear,smell,feel,taste &know,have,own think, etc.
    5. Voice: Statements: Questions,indirect objects,object + object complement, negatives. (Advanced level) (Conversion)
    6. Reported Speech: Advanced level,continuos short paragraph consisting of three to Four connected sentences
    7. Collocation: The co-occurrence of lexical items.
    8. Uses of 'too' &'enough': Conversion and synthesis
    9. Modal Auxiliaries: will,shall,can,could
    10. Articles: Uses &omission of 'a','an', 'the'
    11. Prepositions: Indicating time,place &distance
    12. Linking words/ Discourse markers: Use of linking words in sentences & in larger units.
    13. Word formation: changing word for nouns,verbs,adverbs,adjectives
    14. Infinitives,Gerunds and Participles: Usage synthesis

Economics

Section A - Indian Economic development

  1. Economic development economic growth
  2. Quality of human life - Introduction - physical quality of Life index Human development Index
  3. Major challenges before the Indian Economy
    1. Population
    2. Poverty
    3. Unemployment
  4. Economic reforms since 1991 its main features
    1. Liberalization
    2. Privatization
    3. Globalization
  5. Economic Planning
    1. Meaning objectives
    2. 10th Five year plan - a study
    3. Globalization
  6. Infra structural development in India

Section B - Introduction to Statistics

  1. Introduction to Statistics
  2. Collection organization of Data
  3. Graphical presentation of data
  4. Measures of Central Tendency Mean,Median & Mode
  5. Index Numbers


French


Coursebook: En Echanges 2nd Revised Edition

1.Detailed study lessons

0 to 10+ 2 bilans (About 75 pages)


2.Grammar

  1. Articles:Indefinite,Definite,Partitive
  2. Prepositions
  3. Verbs: Regular Irregular;Reflexive Non-Reflexive
  4. Moods: Imperative;Indicative
  5. Tenses: Present,Present perfect (Passe Compose),Immediate future,Recent past
  6. Adjectives: Qualitative, Numeral, Possessive, Demonstrative, Interrogative, comparative
  7. Adjectives: Qualitative, Numeral, Possessive, Demonstrative, Interrogative, comparative uperlative degrees
  8. Nouns:
  9. Pronouns: Subject,direct object,indirect object,emphatic/ disjunctive

3.Oral Skills


Listening activities: develop the sub-skills of listening,
provide practice in ear-training. Loud reading: following the features of loud reading,provide practice in loud-reading
Speaking: creating confidence in speaking. Using narration description
Conversation: ability to converse confidently and effectively,provide practice in conversation.
Formal testing in oral skills will be administered.


Sindhi


Std. XI and XII

  1. Prose: A Textbook of about 80 pages (Exclusive of notes and exercises etc.)
  2. Poetry: About 250 lines (Including classical and present age poetry)
  3. Rapid Reading: About 50 Pages (Any one branch of prose writing)
  4. Composition: a) Essay; b) Precis; c) Comprehension
  5. Communication Skills: a) Letter; b) Report Writing
  6. Oral / Conversation Skill

Std. XI

Grammar:

  1. Tenses (Simple and Compound)
  2. Indeclinable
  3. Change of Gender
  4. Word Deviation
  5. Analysis of sentences
  6. Transformation of sentences
  7. dioms,proverbs,phrases as arising out of  texts
  8. Figures of speech
  9. Punctuation
  10. Compound Verbs
  11. Somas
  12. Synonymous/Antonyms
  13. Upasarga
  14. Sindhi-vowels and consonants
  15. Correction of Sentences

Std. XII


Grammar:

  1. Tenses (Simple and Compound)
  2. Indeclinable
  3. Change of Gender
  4. Word Deviation
  5. Analysis of sentences
  6. Transformation of sentences
  7. dioms,proverbs,phrases as arising out of  texts
  8. Figures of speech
  9. Punctuation
  10. Compound Verbs
  11. Somas
  12. Synonymous/Antonyms
  13. Upasarga
  14. Sindhi-vowels and consonants
  15. Correction of Sentences
  16. Comprehension and expansion of sentences.

Oral Skills

  • Listening activities: Develop the sub-skills of listening, provide practice in ear-training.
  • Loud-reading: following the features of loud reading, provide practice in loud-reading
  • Speaking: creating confidence in speaking,Using narration and description
  • Conversation: Ability to converse confidently and effectively, provide practice in conversation

Formal testing in oral skills will be administered.


HEALTH & PHYSICAL EDUCATION

Physical Education is a compulsory graded subject for std XI & XII. Students are required to appear for an Exam in Theory and Practise of Health Education.
Wide range of Options have been suggested so as to take care of diversity. The focus being fitness,fun,excitement and skill along with the development of a positive attitude towards life which would ultimately lead to wellness and a healthy nation.

CO-OPERATION

  1. Meaning
  2. Features
  3. Need
  4. Importance

Principles of co-operation

  1. History of co-operative principles
  2. Basic principles
  3. General principles

History of co-operative movement

  1. World
  2. India
  3. Maharashtra

Forms of Co-operative societiesz

  1. Credit co-operative society
  2. Farming co-operative society
  3. Processing co-operative society
  4. Marketing co-operative society
  5. Industrial co-operative society
  6. Multipurpose co-operative society
  7. Consumers co-operative society
  8. Housing co-operative society

Co-operative movements in India

  1. Achievements of co-operative movements
  2. Merits of co-operative society
  3. Demerits of co-operative movement
  4. Concepts of Liberalisation,Privatisation Globalisation

(Optional subject against second language - only for students with learning disabilities)


Environment Education

  1. Humans as an integral part of the environment
  2. Growth in Human numbers over historical times.
  3. Migrations of people
  4. Dispersion of human populations
  5. Rural and Urban settlements
  6. Environment and health
  7. Gender and Environment

Institutions (Social, Economic, Political, Legal, Cultural) & Environment

  1. Evolution of technology, social, economic and political organization and growing resource demands
  2. Impact of economic growth on environment
  3. Inequitable economic growth poverty and environment
  4. India as a country where many different modes of resource co-exist
  5. Open access, community controlled, private and state management of resources
  6. Evolution of environmental concerns in different societies over the course of history
  7. India's manifold traditions of conservation and sustainable use.
  8. Shift of environmental regulation from nature worship, customary law to Wildlife Act, Forest Conservation Act, Environmental Impact Assessment and Biological Diversity Act, etc
  9. Tools of environmental management, efficiency of resource use, sustaining harvests, pollution control
  10. Concept of sustainable development
  11. Concept of sustainable consumption
  12. Ecological footprints
  13. International economic regimes, forces of globalization
  14. International regimes of environmental regulation, Framework Convention on Climate Change, Law of Sea, Trans-boundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes, etc

Knowledge, Science, Technology & Environment

  1. Growth of knowledge and human colonization of new environments
  2. Growth of knowledge and use of newer resources
  3. Growth of knowledge, control of diseases and population growth
  4. Implications of intellectual property rights for environment
  5. Biotechnology, agriculture, health and environment
  6. Intellectual property rights over living organisms
  7. Traditional indigenous knowledge , its implication for environment

Man - made Artefacts and environment

  1. echnological advances and ever accelerating pace of manufacture of artefacts
  2. Impact of agriculture, animal husbandry aquaculture
  3. Impact of agrochemicals on environment
  4. Impact of industry, mining, transport
  5. Generation and provision of energy, water and other natural resources
  6. Impact of synthetic chemicals
  7. Life cycle analysis of: newspaper, household consumables, house construction, transport, personal computer, cell phones, etc

Information Technology


Introduction to Information Technology

  1. Information technology: Definition, Introduction, Information Systems, Software, Data
  2. in business, Industry, Home, play, education, training, science and engineering
  3. Computers in hiding

Office Suite

  1. Word Processor - Microsoft Word & its main features
  2. Spreadsheets - Microsoft Excel & its main features
  3. Presentations - Microsoft Powerpoint

Multimedia

  1. Multimedia definition, Communication, Components, Building blocks, Scope, Uses, Application purposes
  2. Overview of computer Images
  3. Digital Audio
  4. Overview of Video
  5. Flash - Overview & Introduction
  6. Multimedia design & Future Directions

Web Browser, E-mail clients & Messenger Utilities

  1. Overview, Working of the Internet & WWW
  2. Role of web servers, clients
  3. Web browsers & their use, Popular Web browsers
  4. E-mail servers & Protocols
  5. E-mail clients & web based mail access using browser
  6. Messenger services & clients
  7. FTP

File & Disk Utilities

  1. Concept of files & directories
  2. File Archival, compression & encryption
  3. Disc Tools (Windows 7) Error Checking & Defragmentation
  4. Computer security>

Basic Database Concepts

  1. Definition of database & database program
  2. Tables, Rows/ records, columns/ fields, differences between database & spreadsheet
  3. Relational abilities and meaning of relational database
  4. Basic concepts of database & RDBMS
  5. Constraints to ensure data quality
  6. Database administration, Software development, business Analysis
  7. SQL, History & Command categories

Overview of Tally

  1. Advantages of computerized accounting
  2. Introduction to Tally & its features

HTML

  1. Uses, Features, Properties & Limitations
  2. Tags & Attributes, Basic tags paragraphs and heading tags comments
  3. Ordered and Unordered lists and related tags, nested lists
  4. Anchor tag and Hyperlinks in HTML
  5. Division and Physical Style tags, working with Fonts, font types, sizes and colours
  6. Body background color, text color and hyperlink colours, Pre-formatting, line break and horizontal rules, Display in special characters in HTML.
  7. Images in HTML, related tags and attributes, features of BMP, JPG & GIF Raster image formats
  8. Tables in HTML and related tags
  9. Marquee
  10. Java Applets

Information Technology  - Practicals

  1. Identification of computer systems and understanding LAB setup
  2. Exercise on Windows, Start Menu and Accessories
  3. Creating Documents, page formatting, use of fonts and color and printing using Word
  4. Mail merge and envelope printing using Word
  5. Study of spreadsheets using Excel
  6. Create simple presentation and slideshow using Powerpoint
  7. Practical on simple Flash based animation
  8. Study of Web Browser for browsing different websites
  9. Acquisition of e-mail ID on free web based email servers; sending & receiving email with & without attachments
  10. Study and use of search engines and messengers
  11. Downloading and saving Web page content images as files
  12. Creation of compressed file Archives ZIP RAR
  13. Study of Disk Management Tools
  14. Create a simple web page using basic HTML tags.
  15. Creation of WEB page containing graphics and table
  16. Use of hyperlinks on web page
  17. Creating simple database, table, forms & reports using Access
  18. Generating simple queries and verifying results (Access)
  19. Study of TALLY package (Gateway)

Organisation of Commerce


Unit 1 : Nature and scope of Business

  • Concept and characteristics of business
  • Business, Profession & employment- meaning and distinctive features
  • Objectives of business-economic & social, role of profit in business
  • Classification of business, activities- industry & Commerce
  • Industry - types of industries - primary , secondary & tertiary
  • Commerce - Trade - auxiliaries
  • Business risks - nature & causes

Unit 2 : Small Business

  • Small scale industry - tiny sector, cottage & rural industry
  • Role of small business in rural India
  • Problems of small business in India
  • Government Assistance & special schemes for industries in rural, backward & hilly regions

Unit 3 : Private, Public and Global Enterprises

  • Private Sector and Public Sector
  • Forms of organizing public sector enterprise - Departmental undertaking, Statutory corporation, Government company
  • Changing role of public sector
  • Global enterprises (multinational companies)
  • Joint ventures - meaning, benefits

Unit 4 : Internal trade

  • Meaning and types of internal trade- wholesale trade and retail trade
  • Services of a wholesaler and a retailer
  • Types of retail trade
  • Itinerant retailers and Fixed shops, Departmental store, super market, chain stores
  • Role of Chamber of Commerce & industry

Unit 5 : International Business

  • Nature, importance, scope and complexities involved in international business
  • Basic information about ways of entering into international business
  • Contract manufacturing, licensing, franchising, joint ventures and setting up wholly owned subsidiaries.
  • Export - import procedures & documentation.
  • Foreign Trade promotion organizational support and incentives. Nature and importance of export processing zone/Special Economic zones
  • International Trade Institutions and Agreement : W.T.O. UNCTAD, WORLD BANK, I.M.F.

Unit 6 : Business Environment

  • Business Environment - meaning & importance
  • Dimensions of Business Environment - Economic, social, Technological, Political & Legal
  • Economic environment in India. Impact of Government policy changes on business & industry with special reference to adoption of the policies of liberalization, privatization & globalization

Unit 7 : Marketing

  • Marketing - meaning, functions, role.
  • Distinction between marketing and selling
  • Marketing mix - concept & elements
  • Product - nature, classification, branding, labelling & packaging
  • Physical distribution - meaning, role, Channels of distribution- meaning, types, factors determining choice of channels
  • Promotion - meaning & role, promotion mix, role of advertising and personal selling, objections to advertising
  • Price - factors influencing pricing

Unit 8 : Nature and significance of management

  • Management - concept, objectives, importance
  • Nature of management, management as science, art, profession
  • Levels of management - top, middle, supervisory (first level)

Book - Keeping & Accountancy


1. Introduction of Book-Keeping and Accountancy

  1. Meaning and definition
  2. Objectives
  3. Importance & Utility
  4. Difference between Book-Keeping and Accountancy
  5. Basis of Accounting - Cash basis and Accrual basis
  6. Qualitative characteristics of accounting information
  7. Financial Accounting, Cost Accounting, Management Accounting

2. Basic Accounting Terminologies

  1. Business Transactions - Cash Transactions and Credit Transactions
  2. Goods
  3. Profit, loss-operating and non-operating profits, normal gains and abnormal gains with examples. Difference between profit and Income.
  4. Assets, Liabilities, Net-Worth/ Owners Equity Assets: Fixed / Current/ Tangible/ Intangible/ Fictitious
  5. Contingent Liability
  6. Capital, Drawings
  7. Debtors, Creditors
  8. Capital Expenditure, Revenue & Deferred Revenue Expenditure
  9. Cash discount & Trade discount
  10. Solvent and Insolvent
  11. Accounting year
  12. Trading concerns and 'Not for Profit' Concerns
  13. Goodwill

3. Accounting Concepts, Conventions & Principles and Indian Accounting standards concepts & objectives

  1. Meaning and importance
  2. Business Entity
  3. Money measurement
  4. cost
  5. Consistency
  6. conservation
  7. Going concern
  8. Realization
  9. Accrual
  10. Dual Aspect
  11. Disclosure
  12. Materiality
  13. Revenue
  14. Matching
  15. Accounting Standards

4. Meaning and fundamentals of Double entry Bookkeeping system

  1. Study of double Entry book-keeping system
  2. Advantages of double entry book keeping system
  3. Comparison of double entry book-keeping system with Conventional accounting system

5. Classification of Accounts and Accounting equations Rules

  1. Types of accounts-personal, Impersonal accounts- Real

6. Depreciation

  1. Meaning and definition
  2. Methods of computation of Depreciation: "straight Line method, Written down Value method(excluding change in method)
  3. Accounting Treatment of Depreciation: By charging to asset account by creating Provision for depreciation/ accumulated
  4. depreciation account
  5. Provisions and Reserves: meaning, objectives and difference between provisions & reserves
  6. Types of Reserves: revenue reserve, capital reserve,general reserve, specific reserve, secret reserve

7. Financial statements of Proprietary concern

  1. Financial statements - meaning, objective & importance
  2. Preparation of Trading Account
  3. Preparation of profit and loss account
  4. Preparation of balance sheet
  5. Effects of following adjustments only
  6. Closing stock
  7. Depreciation
  8. Bad and doubtful debts
  9. Provision for discount on debtors and creditors
  10. Outstanding expenses
  11. Prepaid expenses
  12. Accrued income
  13. Income received in advance
  14. Drawings
  15. Goods distributed as free sample

8. Computer in Accounting

  1. Introduction to Computer Accounting system: Components of CAS, features, Grouping of Accounts, using software of C.A.S.
  2. Application of computer accounting, Automation of accounting process, designing accounting reports, data exchange with other information system.

Secretarial Practice


Unit1. Secretary

  • Meaning, definition & importance
  • Types of secretaries:
  1. Personal
  2. Non-profit association
  3. Co-operative society
  4. Joint stock company
  5. Government department (qualifications, qualities & functions)

Unit 2 : Joint stock company

  • Evolution
  • Definition and features
  • Merits and limitations
  • Formation of joint stock company- Stages- promotion, incorporation, capital raising and obtaining trading certificate
  • Documents related to the formation of a joint stock company- memorandum of association, articles of association, prospectus, statement in lieu of prospectus (meaning, purpose & contents of each document)

Unit 3 : Machinery monitoring Joint stock company

  • The Central Government's Department of Company Affairs
  • The Board of Company Law Administration (company law board/ National company Law tribunal)
  • Registrar of companies
  • Advisory committee
  • Jurisdiction of Court ( brief outline of the role in monitoring mechanism)

Unit 4: Structural Organization of a joint stock company

  • Shareholders - Acquisition of membership, rights and termination
  • Board of directors - Qualifications, appointment, powers, duties
  • Managing Director - Qualifications,appointment,powers,duties and remuneration
  • Auditor - meaning,functions,rights,appointments,remuneration and removal.
  • Company secretary - appointment,rights and responsibilities,remuneration

Unit 5: Company meetings

  • Provisions for conveing and conducting a valid meeting
  • Provisions related to Notice,Agenda,Quorum,Proxy,Voting,Motions,Amendments,Resolutions,Minutes
  • Types of meetings - Statutory meeting,Annual General meeting,Extra - Ordinary general meeting,meetings of Board of directors
  • Role of a company secretary relating to meetings

Unit 6: Business Correspondence

  • Basic principles of Business correspondence
  • Importance
  • Layout of a Business letter
  • Essentials of a good business letter
  • Physical appearance of a business letter
  • Precaution to be taken while writing business letters

Unit 7: Secretarial correspondence

7.1 Correspondence with Directors
  • Notice of meeting with Agenda
  • Sending a brief report to directors who were absent for meeting
  • Reminding the directors about the provision regarding absenteeism of consecutive meetings
  • Requesting a director to be present at a meeting as an expert
  • Removal of director

7.2 Correspondence with Registrar of Companies

  • Filing statutory report
  • Filing annual report
  • Extension of time for holding Annual General meeting
  • Filing special resolution with Registrar of companies
  • Alteration in clauses of Memorandum of Association Articles of Association

7.3 Correspondence with banks

  • Opening of an account
  • Stop payment
  • Issue of a letter of Credit

7.4 Correspondence with Insurance companies

  • Enquiry about various policies regarding fire and marine insurance
  • Asking for fire and marine policies
  • Informing insurance company about damage of goods by fire/ marine loss
  • Settlement of claim

Mathematics & Statistics


Sets,Relations & Functions

  1. Review
  2. Power set and Cartesian product
  3. Relations
  4. Functions
  5. Operations on functions
  6. Graphs of functions

Complex number

  1. Definition of complex number
  2. Algebra of complex number
  3. Geometrical representation of a complex number

Sequence and series

  1. Revision of A.P.
  2. Geometric progression
  3. Harmonic progression
  4. Special series

Angle and its measurement

  1. Revision
  2. Measurement of angles
  3. Systems of measurement of angles

Trigonometric functions

  1. Trigonometric functions
  2. Trigonometric functions of compound angles (all formulae without proof)
  3. Inverse trigonometric functions

Plane coordinate Geometry

  1. Locus
  2. Line

Circle and conics

  1. Circle
  2. Conics

Equations

  1. Equations

Determinants

  1. Revision
  2. Determinant of order 3
  3. Applications of Determinants

Limits

  1. Standard limits

Differentiation

  1. Derivative
  2. Rules of differentiation
  3. Derivatives of particular functions
  4. Derivatives of composite functions

PART - 2


1.Logarithms


1.1 introduction and definition
1.2 laws of logarithms
1.3 characteristics and mantissa


2.Theory of Attributes


2.1 introduction,notation and class frequencies
2.2 consistency of data
2.3 independence of attributes
2.4 association of attributes


3.Partition values


3.1 Partition values


4.Measures of dispersion


4.1 measures of dispersion


5.Moments


5.1 moments


6. Skewness Kurtosis


6.1 Skewness
6.2 Kurtosis


7.Permutations combinations


7.1 Permutations
7.2 Combinations


8.Probability


8.1 Types of events
8.2 Addition Theorem
8.3 Conditional probability


9.Index Numbers


Introduction
9.1 Types of Index numbers
9.2 uses of Index numbers
9.3 some specific Index numbers
9.4 cost of living Index numbers,uses of cost of living Index number


10. Time series


Introduction
10.1 Mathematical models
10.2 Measurement of trend


LIST OF PRACTICALS

  1. Graphs of standard functions
  2. Complex numbers
  3. Sequence and series
  4. Trigonometry - I
  5. Trigonometry - II
  6. Locus and straight lines,circles conics
  7. Equations and determinants
  8. Limits and Differentiation
  9. Logarithms
  10. Theory of Attributes
  11. Partition Values
  12. Measures of dispersion - I
  13. Measures of dispersion - II
  14. Moments
  15. Skewness & Kurtosis
  16. Permutations and Combinations
  17. Probability - I
  18. Probability - II
  19. Index Numbers
  20. Time Series

English

  1. A Course book in English (Yuvabharati)
    1. For Detailed study
      1. Prose:About 80 pages of literary and non-literary (informative) texts/ passages (excluding notes, illustrations, tasks, etc.)
      2. Poetry: About 200 - 250 lines
  2. For Non- detailed Study: A selection of literary and non- literary texts (Longer Pieces): About 40 pages.
  3. Grammar:
    Revision of items learned up to Std X
    1. The tenses: Revision of the tenses learned upto std X. Advanced level of these items.
    2. Types of Sentences: Simple,Compound,Complex,Relative clauses
    3. Clauses: Proper usage and synthesis
    4. Verbs of perception: Uses of see,hear,smell,feel,taste &know,have,own think, etc.
    5. Voice: Statements: Questions,indirect objects,object + object complement, negatives. (Advanced level) (Conversion)
    6. Reported Speech: Advanced level,continuos short paragraph consisting of three to Four connected sentences
    7. Collocation: The co-occurrence of lexical items.
    8. Uses of 'too' &'enough': Conversion and synthesis
    9. Modal Auxiliaries: will,shall,can,could
    10. Articles: Uses &omission of 'a','an', 'the'
    11. Prepositions: Indicating time,place &distance
    12. Linking words/ Discourse markers: Use of linking words in sentences & in larger units.
    13. Word formation: changing word for nouns,verbs,adverbs,adjectives
    14. Infinitives,Gerunds and Participles: Usage synthesis

Environment Education


1. Exosphere (Atmosphere, Hydrosphere and Lithosphere)

  1. Sustainable and non-sustainable use of renewable and non-renewable natural resources such as water and minerals
  2. Changing patterns of land use and land cover
  3. Management of gaseous, solid, liquid and hazardous wastes
  4. Air, Water (Fresh and marine), soil pollution - Sources and Consequences
  5. Noise and radiation pollution - Sources and Consequences
  6. Ozone layer depletion and its effect.
  7. Greenhouse effect; global warming and climatic change and its effects.
  8. Disasters - natural (earthquakes, droughts, floods, cyclones, landslides) and man-made (Technological and Industrial); their impact on the environment; prevention, control and mitigation.
  9. Strategies for reducing pollution and improving the environment.

2. Biosphere (Ecosystems and Biological Population)

 

  1. Sustainable and non-sustainable use of Biological Populations
  2. Sustainable agriculture
  3. Impact of Genetically Modified Organisms
  4. Deforestation, overgrazing, over fishing
  5. Concept & value of biodiversity
  6. Components of biodiversity - genes, species and ecosystems.
  7. Landscape ecology
  8. India as a mega diversity nation
  9. Economic potential of biodiversity
  10. Loss of biodiversity - threatened, endangered and extinct species
  11. Strategies for conservation of biodiversity - in situ and ex situ
  12. Mitigating the people-wildlife conflict.

1. Energy, Material, Information Flows

 

  1. Changing global patterns of energy and water consumption - from ancient to modern times.
  2. Energy and water consumption and quality of life.
  3. Rising demand for energy and water, gap between demand and supply (Indian Context)
  4. Conventional and non-conventional energy sources - Potential (Indian Context) and limitations of each source, methods of harnessing and environmental consequences of their use with special reference to Indian Context.
  5. Energy Conservation - efficiency in production, transportation and utilization of energy
  6. Planning and management of energy; future sources of energy - hydrogen, alcohol, fuel cells.
  7. Enhancing efficiency of devices and optimizing energy utilization.
  8. Modern Information Communication Technology Revolution and environment.


French


Coursebook: En Echanges 2nd Revised Edition


11.Detailed study lessons

16 + 2 bilans (About 75 pages)


Note

  1. Revision Of Grammar Studied In XI
  2. The Question Paper Of HSC will be based on Lessons 0 – 16.

2.Grammar

  1. Prepositions
  2. Adverbs
  3. Verbs Moods:Imperative, Indicative, Conditional
  4. Tenses:Imperfect, Future
  5. Adjective: Comparative & Superlative degrees, Indefinite
  6. Pronouns: Possessive, Relative, Indefinite, Qualitative, Numerical,Possessive
  7. Adjectives:Demonstrative (simple & Compound), Interrogative, Indefinite,Comparative & Superlative degrees.
  8. Pronouns: Subject, Direct, Indirect,Objective,emphatic, possessive,Interrogative, Indefinite, Relative (Simple)

Oral Skills

  • Listening activities: Develop the sub-skills of listening, provide practice in ear-training.
  • Loud-reading: following the features of loud reading, provide practice in loud-reading
  • Speaking: creating confidence in speaking,Using narration and description
  • Conversation: Ability to converse confidently and effectively, provide practice in conversation

Formal testing in oral skills will be administered.


CO-OPERATION


Unit1. Formation of Co-operative society


Procedure as per Maharashtra Co-operative Societies Act - 1960

  1. Stages in formation of co-operative Society
  2. Promotion stage
  3. Registration stage
  4. Promoter - Meaning, Functions and responsibilities

Unit 2 : Organisation of Co-operative society

  1. Member- Meaning, Types, Rights, Responsibilities
  2. Managing Committee - Functions, Powers and Responsibilities
  3. Office Bearers - Functions, Powers, Responsibilities
    1. Chairman - Functions, Powers and Responsibilities
    2. Vice-Chairman - Functions, Powers and Responsibilities
    3. Secretary - Meaning and Definitions, Functions, Qualities of an ideal secretary

Unit 3 : Role of Commissioner and Registrar of Co-operative Society

  1. Commissioner and Registrar - Role, Functions, Powers and Responsibilities

Unit 4 : Study of Maharashtra State Co-operative Societies Act - 1960 with up to date amendments in connection with

  1. Capital raising
  2. Meetings
  3. Maintenance of Accounts and Audit

Unit 5 : A brief study of following Co-operative organizations in the light of Co-operative movement in Maharashtra

  1. District central co-operative banks.
  2. Maharashtra State Co-operative Bank
  3. Urban Co-operative Bank

Unit 6 : Co-operative Education and Training

  1. Concept of Co-operative Education and Training
  2. Objectives and Need of Co-operative Education and Training
  3. Organisational Structure of Co-operative Education and Training Centers in Maharashtra
  4. Vaikunthlal Mehta National Institute of Co-operative Management and Research, Pune in Co-operative Education and Training

Unit 7 : Impact of Global Economy on Co-operative Movement

  1. Impact of Global Economy on Co-operative movement - Liberalisation, Privatisation andGlobalisation
  2. In changing Economic environment expectations from co-operative movement

HEALTH & PHYSICAL EDUCATION

Physical Education is a compulsory graded subject for std XI & XII. Students are required to appear for an Exam in Theory and Practise of Health Education.
Wide range of Options have been suggested so as to take care of diversity. The focus being fitness,fun,excitement and skill along with the development of a positive attitude towards life which would ultimately lead to wellness and a healthy nation.

Information Technology


1. Web Publishing

  1. HTML Page frames
  2. Image Mapping
  3. Form and Forma Objects
  4. Inserting sound and video
  5. Use of Unicode and Indian Language Fonts
  6. Cross- Browser testing
  7. Introduction to CSS
  8. Web server

2. Cyber Laws and Ethics

  1. Moral, Ethics and Law
  2. Ethics culture and ethics for computer users, professionals and business
  3. Information service
  4. Code and guidelines of ethics
  5. Introduction to cyber laws & IT Act of India 2000
  6. Digital signature, electronic record Attribution, acknowledgement and dispatch
  7. Ten commandments of computing
  8. Security, privacy and control
  9. Intellectual property rights

3. E-commerce

  1. Electronic Commerce - Scope, definition
  2. Trade cycle
  3. Electronic markets- usage, advantages & disadvantages, future
  4. Electronic data interchange- definition, benefits
  5. Internet commerce, e-commerce in perspective
  6. EDI security

4. Introduction to Networking

  1. Communication and network technologies
  2. Internet, network communication and protocols
  3. Transmission media, communication over wires and cables, wireless communication and standards
  4. Network architecture, relationship & features
  5. Cable topologies
  6. Network hardware

5. Data Management using Access

  1. Microsoft Access and its main features, database concepts
  2. Opening existing databases
  3. Working with table
  4. Introduction to forms and working with forms
  5. Table relationships (one-to-one and many-to-many), queries, query types, creation of query manually as well as using wizard, calculations using queries
  6. Introduction to reports and working with reports

6. Tally

  1. Creating & configuring company menus related to accounts
  2. Working with groups and ledgers
  3. Study of cost centers and vouchers
  4. Printing purchase orders, sales orders & invoice
  5. Study of trial balance, balance sheet & profit and loss account

Practical List

  1. Creation of a website
  2. Creation of a website with frames and CSS
  3. Hyperlinks on a web page using client side image mapping
  4. Hyperlinks on a web page using server side image mapping
  5. Use of audio and animation on web pages
  6. Use of video on web pages
  7. Creation & publishing a website using FTP
  8. Cross browser testing and differences in rendering
  9. Creation of webpage in Devnagiri script (Marathi or Hindi) using UNICODE. Use MS-Word with BarahalME and Save as html
  10. Conversion between Audio file formats (based on Std XI syllabus)
  11. Image conversion between Image file formats (based on Std XI syllabus)
  12. Conversion between video file formats (based on Std XI syllabus)
  13. Creation of a database with simple query using Access
  14. Application of a 'Compact' Utility to an Access Database and study the analysis of
  15. original and compacted database
  16. Creation of groups using TALLY
  17. Creating of Ledger using TALLY
  18. Creation of Purchase order using TALLY
  19. Creation of Sales order using TALLY
  20. Creation of Invoice using TALLY
  21. Creation of a Company using TALLY

Economics


Section A : Micro Economics

  1. Introduction to Micro Economics
  2. Consumer behavior
    1. Analysis of Demand
    2. Elasticity of Demand
  3. Analysis of Supply
  4. Types of Market and Price Determination under Perfect competition
  5. Factors of Production
    1. Introduction to Macro Economics
    2. National Income
    3. Determinants of Aggregates
    4. Money
    5. Commercial Bank
    6. Central Bank
    7. Public Economics
    1. Statements
    2. Logical Connectives
    3. Statement patterns and logical equivalence
    4. Algebra of statements
    5. Venn diagrams
    1. Definition and types of matrices
    2. Algebra of matrices
    3. Inverse of a Matrix
    4. Solutions of equations
    1. Continuity of a function at a point
    1. Derivative of Inverse function
    2. Logarithmic Differentiation
    3. Derivative of implicit function
    4. Derivative of parametric function
    5. Second order derivative
    6. Application of Derivative
    7. Increasing and decreasing functions
    8. Maxima and minima
    1. Definition of an integral
    2. Integral of standard functions
    3. Rules of Integration
    4. Methods of Integration
    5. Integration by parts
    1. Definite Integrals
    2. Properties
    3. Applications
    1. Commission and Brokerage
    2. Discount
    1. Insurance
    2. Annuity
    1. Introduction, Definition
    2. Uses of Vital statistics
    3. Measurements of Mortality
    4. Life Tables
    1. Introduction
    2. Equation of line of regression
    3. Regression coefficients and their properties
    1. Definition and types of random variables
    2. Probability Distribution of a Discrete Random Variable
    3. Probability Distribution of a Continuous Random Variable
    4. Binomial Theorem
    5. Binomial Distribution
    6. Poisson Distribution
    7. Normal Distribution
    1. Inequations
    2. Linear Programming Problem
    3. Assignment Problem
    4. Sequencing
    1. Mathematical Logic
    2. Mathematical Logic
    3. Matrices-I
    4. Matrices-II
    5. Differentiation
    6. Application of Definite Integrals
    7. Commercial Arithmetic - I
    8. Commercial Arithmetic - II
    9. Measurement of Mortality
    10. Construction of Life Table
    11. Correlation for Bivariate Ungrouped Data
    12. Correlation for Bivariate Grouped Data
    13. Spearman's Rank Correlation Co-efficient
    14. Regression Analysis
    15. Probability Distribution
    16. Binomial Distribution
    17. Poisson Distribution
    18. Normal Distribution
    19. Linear Programming Problem
    20. Assignment Problem
    21. Sequencing
    • Sole Proprietorship, Joint Hindu Family Business - meaning, features, merits and demerits
    • Partnership - meaning, types, registration, merits, limitations and types of partners.
    • Co-operative Societies - types, merits and limitations
    • Company - Private Ltd, Public Ltd - merits, limitations.
    • Starting a business - Basic Factors
    • Choice of forms of business organizations
    • .
    • Nature and types of Business Services - banking, Insurance, Transportation, Warehousing, Communication
    • Banking - types of Banks, functions of commercial banks, E-banking
    • Insurance - principles and types of life, fire and marine insurance.
    • Postal and Telecom Services
    • Warehousing - types and functions
    • Transport - meaning, role and means
    • E-business - Meaning, Scope and benefits. Resource required for successful E-Business implementation. On-line transactions,
    • payment mechanism.
    • Security and safety of business transactions
    • Outsourcing - Concept, need and scope
    • Concept of Social Responsibility
    • Cases of Social Responsibility
    • Responsibility towards different interest groups, owners, investors, employees, consumers, government, community, public in general.
    • Business Ethics - Concept and elements
    • Business and Environmental protection
    • Importance of Consumer protection
    • Rights of Consumers
    • Consumer responsibilities
    • Ways and means of Consumer protection.
    • Consumer awareness and legal redressal with special reference to Consumer Protection Act.
    • Role of Consumer Organisation and NGSs.
    • Allotment of shares
    • Regret letter
    • Lodgment Notice
    • Approval / Refusal of Transfer of shares.
    • Issues of Bonus shares
    • Distribution of Dividend - Notice
    • Allotment of Debentures - Redemption of Debentures
    • Conversion of Debentures into shares
    • Payment of Interest on Debentures
    • Letter thanking the investor for deposits
    • Payment of Interest (Basic Information of TDS to be given)
    • Renewal of Deposits
    • Repayment of Deposits
    • Concept of Financial market.
    • Money market - Nature and Instruments
    • Capital Market - Nature and constituents - Primary and secondary market.
    • Distinction between capital market and money market
    • Stock Exchange - Meaning, Functions, BSE, NSEI, Trading procedure.
    • Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI) objectives and Functions.
    • Bivariate frequency distribution
    • Karl Pearson's coefficient of correlation
    • Rank Correlation
  6. Section B : Macro Economics

    Organization of Commerce


    Unit 1 : Forms of business organizations

    Unit 2 : Business Services

    Unit 3 : Emerging modes of Business

    Unit 4 : Social Responsibilities of business and Business Ethics

    Unit 5 : Consumer protection

    Unit 6 - Correspondence of Company Secretary with members, debenture holders and depositors.

    Unit 7 - Financial Markets

    Mathematics & Statistics


    Part1


    1.Mathematical Logic

    2.Matrices

    3.Continuity

    4.Differentiation

    5.Indefinite Integration

    6.Definite Integrals

    Part2


    1.Ratio, Proportion and Partnership


    2.Commission, Brokerage and Discount

    3.Insurance and Annuity

    4.Demography

    5.Bivariate Data and Correlation

    6.Regression Analysis

    7.Random Variable and Probability Distribution

    8.Management Mathematics

    LIST OF PRACTICALS